Get to know the types of fractures and available treatment options
A broken bone must be carefully fixed in position and supported until it is strong enough to bear weight. Until the last century, physicians relied on casts and splints to support the bone from outside the body (external fixation). But the development of sterile surgery reduced the risk of infection so that doctors could work directly with the bone and could implant materials in the body.
New materials such as stainless steel, cobalt and titanium were not only durable, but also had the strength and the flexibility necessary to support the bone. These materials are also compatible with the body and rarely cause an allergic reaction or implant failure.
The most common types of internal fixation are wires, plates, rods, pins, nails, and screws used inside the body to support the bone directly.